Cybernetics is a transdisciplinary approach for exploring regulatory systems, their structures, constraints, and possibilities. Cybernetics is relevant to the study of systems, such as mechanical, physical, biological, cognitive, and social systems. Cybernetics is applicable when a system being analyzed is involved in a closed signaling loop; that is, where action by the system generates some change in its environment and that change is reflected in that system in some manner (feedback) that triggers a system change. Originally referred to as a "circular causal" relationship. Some say this is necessary to a cybernetic perspective. System Dynamics, a related field, originated with applications of electrical engineering control theory to other kinds of simulation models (especially business systems) by Jay Forrester at MIT in the 1950s.
- Cybernetics from Wikipedia
- Cybernetics: The Super Science of Interconnectedness a video by Javier Livas
- Ashby's "Introduction to Cybernetics" at Principia Cybernetica Web
- General Cybernetics Inc. by Paul Pangaro
- Principia Cybernetica Web
Systems Thinking World Discussions * Gene Bellinger
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